The UK's Ministry of Justice has been fined £180,000 following the latest in a series of failures involving how prisons handle private information.
The penalty (PDF) follows the loss of a back-up hard drive at HMP Erlestoke prison in Wiltshire back in May 2013. The *unencrypted* hard drive contained sensitive and confidential information about 2,935 prisoners including health information, history of drug misuse and material about victims and visitors.
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The incident followed a similar case in October 2011, when the data privacy watchdogs at the Information Commissioner’s Office were notified about the loss of another unencrypted hard drive containing the details of 16,000 prisoners serving time at HMP High Down prison in Surrey. In response to the incident at HMP High Down, the prison service provided new hard drives to all of the 75 prisons across England and Wales that were still using back-up hard drives. These devices were able to encrypt the information stored on them. This encryption was not applied by default.
The ICO’s investigation into the latest incident "found that the prison service didn’t realise that the encryption option on the new hard drives needed to be turned on to work correctly".
Highly sensitive information was insecurely handled by prisons across England and Wales for over a year, leading to the latest data loss at HMP Erlestoke, a statement on the ICO's investigation explains. "If the hard drives in both of these cases had been encrypted, the information would have remained secure despite their loss," it added.
ICO Head of Enforcement, Stephen Eckersley, said that it had levied a high fine against the Ministry of Justice partly because government departments ought to be an example of best practice in handling sensitive information.
“The fact that a government department with security oversight for prisons can supply equipment to 75 prisons throughout England and Wales without properly understanding, let alone telling them, how to use it, beggars belief," Eckersley said.
“The result was that highly sensitive information about prisoners and vulnerable members of the public, including victims, was insecurely handled for over a year. This failure to provide clear oversight was only addressed when a further serious breach occurred and the devices were finally setup correctly," he added.
Eckersley concluded that the big fine against the MoJ ought to act as a message that "organisations must not only have the right equipment available to keep people’s information secure, but must understand how to use it”.
The Ministry of Justice, working with the National Offenders and Management Service, is taking action to ensure all of the hard drives being used by prisons are securely encrypted.
A blog post by the ICO explaining the importance of encryption and the encryption options available to organisations can be found here. ®